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Publications, Presentations, and Citations

GeoSentinel Publications

  • Harvey K, Esposito D, Han P, Kozarsky P, Freedman DO, Plier DA, Sotir MJ. Surveillance for travel-related disease - GeoSentinel Surveillance System, United States, 1997-2001. MMWR Surveill Summ. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2013 July 19; 62(3):1-23. PMID:23863769[PubMed - as supplied by publisher].
  • Leder K, Torresi J, Brownstein JS, Wilson ME, Keystone JS, Barnett E, Schwartz E, Schlagenhauf P, Wilder-Smith A, Castelli F, von Sonnenburg F, Freedman DO, Cheng AC; for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Travel-associated illness trends and clusters, 2000-2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 July;19(7):1050-1059. PMID:23763775[PubMed - in process].
  • Davis XM, Hay KA, Plier DA, Chaves SS, Lim PL, Caumes E, Castelli F, Kozarsky PE, Cetron MS, Freedman DO, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. International travelers as sentinels for sustained influenza transmission during the 2009 influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 Pandemic. J Travel Med. 2013 May;20(3):177-84. PMID: 23577864.
  • McCarthy AE, Weld LH, Barnett ED, So H, Coyle C, Greenaway C, Stauffer W, Leder K, Lopez-Velez R, Gautret P, Castelli F, Jenks N, Walker PF, Loutan L, Cetron M, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Spectrum of illness in international migrants seen at GeoSentinel clinics in 1997-2009, Part 2: Migrants resettled internationally and evaluated for specific health concerns. Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Apr;56(7):925-33. PMID: 23223602.
  • Barnett ED, Weld LH, McCarthy AE, So H, Walker PF, Stauffer W, Cetron M, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Spectrum of illness in international migrants seen at GeoSentinel clinics in 1997-2009, Part 1: US-bound migrants evaluated by comprehensive protocol-based health assessment. Clin Infect Dis. 2013 Apr;56(7):913-24. PMID: 23223584.
  • Leder K, Torresi J, Libman MD, Cramer JP, Castelli F, Schlagenhauf P, Wilder-Smith A, Wilson ME, Keystone JS, Schwartz E, Barnett ED, von Sonnenburg F, Brownstein JS, Cheng AC, Sotir MJ, Esposito DH, Freedman DO; for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. GeoSentinel surveillance of illness in returned travelers, 2007-2011. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Mar 19;158(6):456-68. PMID: 23552375.
  • Matteelli A, Schlagenhauf P, Carvalho AC, Weld L, Davis XM, Wilder-Smith A, Barnett ED, Parola P, Pandey P, Han P, Castelli F, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Travelassociated sexually transmitted infections: an observational cross-sectional study of the GeoSentinel surveillance database. Lancet Infect Dis. 2013 Mar;13(3):205-13. PMID: 23182931.
  • Jensenius M, Han PV, Schlagenhauf P, Schwartz E, Parola P, Castelli F, von Sonnenburg F, Loutan L, Leder K, Freedman DO, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Acute and potentially life-threatening tropical diseases in western travelers--a GeoSentinel multicenter study, 1996-2011. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2013 Feb;88(2):397-404. PMID: 23324216.
  • Lim PL, Han P, Chen LH, MacDonald S, Pandey P, Hale D, Schlagenhauf P, Loutan L, Wilder-Smith A, Davis XM, Freedman DO; GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Expatriates ill after travel: results from the Geosentinel Surveillance Network. BMC Infect Dis. 2012 Dec 31;12:386. PMID: 23273048.
  • Esposito DH, Freedman DO, Neumayr A, Parola P. Ongoing outbreak of an acute muscular Sarcocystis-like illness among travellers returning from Tioman Island, Malaysia, 2011-2012. Euro Surveill. 2012 Nov 8;17(45). Pii:20310. PMID: 23153473.
  • Gautret P, Cramer J, Field V, Caumes E, Jensenius M, Gkrania-Klotsas E, de Vries P, Grobusch M, Lopez-Velez R, Castelli F, Schlagenhauf P, Hervius Askling H, von Sonnenburg F, Lalloo D, Loutan L, Rapp C, Basto F, Santos O Connor F, Weld L, Parola P; for the EuroTravNet Network. Infectious diseases among travellers and migrants in Europe, EuroTravNet 2010. Euro Surveill. 2012 Jun 28;17(26). pii:20205. PMID: 22790534.
  • Gautret P, Gaudart J, Leder K, Schwartz E, Castelli F, Lim PL, Murphy H, Keyston J, Cramer J, Shaw M, Boddaert J, von Sonnenburg F, Parola P, for the Geosentinel Surveillance Network. Travel-associated illness in older adults (>60 y). J Travel Med. 2012 May/June;19(3):169-77. PMID: 22530824.
  • CDC. Reported by: von Sonnenburg F, Cramer JP, Freedman DO, Plier DA, Esposito DH, Sotir MJ, Lankau EW. Notes from the field: acute muscular sarcocystosis among returning travelers - Tioman Island, Malaysia, 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012 Jan 20;61(2):37-8. PMID: 22258418.
  • Esposito DH, Han PV, Kozarsky PE, Walker PF, Gkrania-Klotsas E, Barnett ED, Libman M, McCarthy AE, Field V, Connor BA, Schwartz E, MacDonald S, Sotir MJ, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Characteristics and spectrum of disease among ill returned travelers from pre- and post-earthquake Haiti: The GeoSentinel experience. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012 Jan;86(1):23-8. PMID: 22232445.
  • Boggild AK, Castelli F, Gautret P, Torresi J, von Sonnenburg F, Barnett ED, Greenaway CA, Lim PL, Schwartz E, Wilder-Smith A, Wilson ME, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Latitudinal patterns of travel among returned travelers with influenza: results from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network, 1997-2007. J Travel Med. 2012 Jan-Feb;19(1):4-8. PMID: 22221805.
  • Odolini S, Parola P, Gkrania-Klotsas E, Caumes E, Schlagenhauf P, López-Vélez R, Burchard GD, Santos-O'Connor F, Weld L, von Sonnenburg F, Field V, de Vries P, Jensenius M, Loutan L, Castelli F. Travel-related imported infections in Europe, EuroTravNet 2009. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2012 May;18(5):468-74. PMID: 21848975.
  • Flores-Figueroa J, Okhuysen PC, von Sonnenburg F, DuPont HL, Libman MD, Keystone JS, Hale DC, Burchard G, Han PV, Wilder-Smith A, Freedman DO, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Patterns of illness in travelers visiting Mexico and Central America: the GeoSentinel experience. Clin Infect Dis. 2011 Sep;53(6):523-31. PMID: 21832261.
  • Gautret P, Lim PL, Shaw M, Leder K. Rabies post-exposure prophylaxis in travellers returning from Bali, Indonesia, November 2008 to March 2010. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2011 Mar;17(3):445-7. PMID: 20491825.
  • Field V, Gautret P, Schlagenhauf P, Burchard GD, Caumes E, Jensenius M, Castelli F, Gkrania-Klotsas E, Weld L, Lopez-Velez R, de Vries P, von Sonnenburg F, Loutan L, Parola P, for the EuroTravNet network. Travel and migration associated infectious diseases morbidity in Europe, 2008. BMC Infect Dis. 2010 Nov 17;10(330):7389-95. PMID: 21083874.
  • Boggild AK, Castelli F, Gautret P, Torresi J, von Sonnenburg F, Barnett ED, Greenaway CA, Lim PL, Schwartz E, Wilder-Smith A, Wilson ME, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Vaccine preventable diseases in returned international travelers: results from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Vaccine. 2010 Oct 28;28(46):7389-95. PMID: 20851081.
  • Dia A, Gautret P, Adheossi E, Bienaimé A, Gaillard C, Simon F, Parola P, Brouqui P. Illness in French travelers to Senegal: prospective cohort follow-up and sentinel surveillance data. J Travel Med. 2010 Sep;17(5):296-302. PMID: 20920049.
  • Mendelson M, Davis X, Jensenius M, Keystone JS, von Sonnenburg F, Hale DC, Burchard GD, Field V, Vincent P, Freedman DO, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Short report: Health risks in travelers to South Africa: the GeoSentinel experience and implications for the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Jun;82(5):991-5. PMID: 20519590.
  • Hagmann S, Neugebauer R, Schwartz E, Perret C, Casteli F, Barnett ED, Stauffer WM. Illness in children after international travel: analysis from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Pediatrics. 2010 May;126(5): e1072-80. PMID: 20368323.
  • Schlagenhauf P, Chen LH, Wilson ME, Freedman DO, Tcheng D, Schwartz E, Pandey P, Weber R, Nadal D, Berger C, von Sonnenburg F, Keystone J, Leder K. Sex and gender differences in travel-associated disease. Clin Infect Dis. 2010 Mar;50(6):826-32. PMID: 20156059.
  • Torresi J, Leder K. Defining infections in international travellers through the GeoSentinel surveillance network. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2009 Dec;7(12):895-901. PMID: 19881521.
  • Chen LH, Wilson ME, Davis X, Loutan L, Schwartz E, Keystone J, Hale D, Lim PL, McCarthy A, Gkrania-Klotsas E, Schlagenhauf P, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Illness in long-term travelers visiting GeoSentinel clinics. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 Nov;15(11):1773-82. PMID: 19891865.
  • Gautret P, Schlagenhauf P, Gaudart J, Castelli F, Brouqui P, von Sonnenburg F, Loutan L, Parola P, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Multicenter EuroTravNet/GeoSentinel study of travel-related infectious diseases in Europe. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 Nov;15(11):1783-90. PMID: 19891866.
  • Jensenius M, Davis X, von Sonnenberg F, Schwartz E, Keystone JS, Leder K, Lopéz-Véléz R, Caumes E, Cramer JP, Chen L, Parola P, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Multicenter GeoSentinel analysis of rickettsial diseases in international travelers, 1996–2008. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009 Nov;15(11):1791-8. PMID: 19891867.
  • Swaminathan A, Torresi J, Schlagenhauf P, Thursky K, Wilder-Smith A, Connor BA, Schwartz E, Vonsonnenberg F, Keystone J, O'Brien DP, for the GeoSentinel Network. A global study of pathogens and host risk factors associated with infectious gastrointestinal disease in returned travellers. J Infect. 2009 Jul;59(1):19-27. PMID: 19552961.
  • Nicolls DJ, Weld LH, Schwartz E, Reed C, von Sonnenburg F, Freedman DO, Kozarsky PE, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Characteristics of schistosomiasis in travelers reported to the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network 1997-2008. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2008 Nov;79(5):729-34. PMID: 18981513.
  • Lederman E, Weld LH, Elyazar IRF, von Sonnenburg F, Loutan L, Schwartz E, Keystone JS, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Dermatologic conditions of the ill returned traveler: an analysis from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Int J Infect Dis 2008 Nov;12(6):593-602. PMID: 18343180.
  • Leder K, Wilson ME, Freedman, DO, Torresi J. A comparative analysis of methodological approaches used for estimating risk in travel medicine. J Travel Med 2008 Jul-Aug;15(4):263-72.
  • Greenwood Z, Black J, Weld L, O'Brien D, Leder K, von Sonnenburg F, Pandey P, Schwartz E, Connor BA, Brown G, Freedman DO, Torresi J, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Gastrointestinal infection among international travelers globally. J Travel Med 2008 Jul-Aug;15(4):221-8. PMID: 18666921.
  • Davis XM, MacDonald S, Borwein S, Freedman DO, Kozarsky PE, von Sonnenburg F, Keystone JS, Lim PL, Marano N, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Health risks in travelers to China: the GeoSentinel experience and implications for the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2008 Jul;79(1):4-8. PMID: 18606756.
  • Schwartz E, Weld LH, Wilder-Smith A, von Sonnenburg F, Keystone JS, Kain KC, Torresi J, Freedman DO, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Seasonality, annual trends, and characteristics of dengue among ill returned travelers, 1997-2006. Emerg Infect Dis 2008 Jul;14(7):1081-8. PMID: 18598629.
  • Gautret P, Shaw M, Soula G, Gazin P, Delmont J, Parola P, Soavi MJ, Brouqui P, Matchett DE, Torresi J. Rabies post-exposure prohylaxis in returned injured travelers from France, Australia and New Zealand: a retrospective study. J Travel Med 2008 Jan-Feb;15(1):25-30. PMID: 18217866.
  • Lipner EM, Law MA, Barnett E, Keystone JS, von Sonnenburg F, Loutan L, Prevots DR, Klion AD, Nutman TB, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Filariasis in travelers presenting to the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2007 Dec 26;1(3):e88. PMID: 18160987.
  • Boggild AK, Costiniuk C, Kain KC, Pandey P. Environmental hazards in Nepal: Altitude illness, environmental exposures, injuries, and bites in travelers and expatriates. J Travel Med 2007 Nov-Dec;14(6):361-8. PMID: 17995530.
  • Wilson ME and Freedman DO. Etiology of travel-related fever. Curr Opin Infect Dis 2007 Oct;20(5):449-53.
  • Wilson ME, Weld LH, Boggild A, Keystone JS, Kain KC, von Sonnenburg F, Schwartz E, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Fever in returned travelers: Results from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Clin Infect Dis 2007 June 15;44:1560-68. PMID: 17516399.
  • Gautret P, Parola P, Shaw M, Torresi J. Rabies preexposure vaccination in travelers. J Travel Med 2007 Mar/Apr; 14(2):135. PMID: 17367487.
  • Gautret P, Schwartz E, Shaw M, Soula G, Gazin P, Delmont J, Parola P, Soavi MJ, Matchett E, Brown G, Torresi J; for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Animal-associated injuries and related diseases among returned travellers: A review of the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Vaccine 2007 Mar 30; 25(14):2656-63. PMID: 17234310.
  • Leder K, Weld L, Freedman DO, Black J, Torresi J. Reply to Behrens et al. Clin Infect Dis 2007 Mar 1;44(5):762-3. PMID: 17278075.
  • Fenner L, Weber R, Steffen R, Schlagenhauf P. Imported infectious disease and purpose of travel, Switzerland. Emerg Infect Dis 2007 Feb;13(2):217-22. PMID: 17479882.
  • Leder K, Tong S, Weld L, Kain KC, Wilder-Smith A, von Sonnenburg F, Black J, Brown GV, Torresi J, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Illness in travelers visiting friends and relatives: a review of the GeoSentinel Network. Clin Infect Dis 2006 Nov 1;43(9):1185-93. PMID: 17029140.
  • Boggild AK, Yohanna S, Keystone JS, Kain KC. Prospective analysis of parasitic infections in Canadian travelers and immigrants. J Travel Med 2006 May-Jun;13(3):138-44. PMID: 16706944.
  • Freedman DO, Weld LH, Kozarsky PE, Fisk T, Robins R, von Sonnenburg F, Keystone JS, Pandey P, Cetron MS, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Spectrum of disease and relation to place of exposure among ill returned travelers. N Engl J Med 2006 Jan 12;354(2):119-30. PMID: 16407507.
  • CDC. Reported by: Kay C, Patrick D, Keystone J, Bodie-Collins M, Riera C, Puello J, Jelinek T, Freedman D, Kozarsky P, Reed C, et al. Transmission of malaria in resort areas --- Dominican Republic, 2004. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2005;53(51&52):1195-8. PMID: 15635288.
  • Freedman DO and Leder K. Influenza: Changing approaches to prevention and treatment in travelers. J Travel Med 2005 Jan-Feb;12(1):36-44. PMID: 15996465.
  • Leder K, Black J, O’Brien D, Greenwood Z, Kain KC, Schwartz E, Brown G, and Torresi J, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Malaria in travelers: a review of the GeoSentinel Surveilance Network. Clin Infect Dis 2004 Oct 15;39(8):1104-12. PMID: 15486832.
  • Elliott JH, O’Brien D, Leder K, Kitchener S, Schwartz E, Weld L, Brown GV, Kain KC, and Torresi J, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Imported Plasmodium vivax malaria: demographic and clinical features in nonimmune travelers. J Travel Med 2004 Jul-Aug;11(4):213-7. PMID: 15541223.
  • Schwartz E, Bujanover S, Kain KC. Genetic confirmation of atovaquone-proguanil-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria acquired by a nonimmune traveler to East Africa. Clin Infect Dis 2003 Aug 1;37(3):450-1. PMID: 12884171.
  • Leder K, Sundararajan V, Weld L, Pandey P, Brown G, Torresi J for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Group. Respiratory tract infections in travelers: A review of the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Clin Infect Dis 2003 Feb 15;36(4):399-406. PMID: 12567296.
  • Wilder-Smith A, Freedman DO. Confronting the new Challenge in Travel Medicine: SARS. J Travel Med (Editorial) 2003 Sept-Oct;10(5):257-8. PMID: 14531976.
  • Shaw MT, Leggat PA, Weld LH, Williams ML, Cetron MS. Illness in returned travellers presenting at GeoSentinel sites in New Zealand. Aust N Z J Public Health 2003;27(1):82-6. PMID: 14705274.
  • Martin M, Weld LH, Tsai TF, Mootrey GT, Chen RT, Niu M, Cetron MS and the GeoSentinel Yellow Fever Working Group. Advanced age as a risk factor for illness temporally asociated with yellow fever vaccination.  Emerg Infect Dis 2001 Nov-Dec;7(6):945-51. PMID: 11747720.
  • Freedman DO, Kozarsky PE, Weld LH, and Cetron MS, for the GeoSentinel Study Group. SPECIAL REPORT: GeoSentinel: the Global Emerging Infections Sentinel Network of the International Society of Travel Medicine. J Travel Med 1999 Jun;6(2):94-8. PMID: 10381961.

GeoSentinel Presentations

  • Esposito DH. Sarcocystosis. 13th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine (CISTM13). Maastricht. May 2013.
  • Mues KE, Esposito DH, Han PV, Jentes ES, Sotir MJ, Brown C. Analyzing GeoSentinel surveillance data: a comparison of methods to explore acute gastrointestinal illness among international travelers. 13th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine (CISTM13). Maastricht. May 2013.
  • Freedman DO. GeoSentinel and travellers’ surveillance. Communicable Disease Control Conference, 2013 (CDC) and 2013 Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases (ASID) Annual Scientific Meeting. Canberra. March 2013.
  • Freedman DO. GeoSentinel surveillance report. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH) 61st Annual Meeting. Atlanta, GA. December 2012.
  • Savini H, Gautret P, Gaudart J, Field V, Castelli F, Lopez-Velez R, Lim PL, Shaw M, von Sonnenburg F, Loutan L, Simon F, GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Travel-associated disorders in the Indian Ocean Islands: a GeoSentinel study. 9th Asia Pacific Travel Health Conference (APTHC9). Singapore. May 2012.
  • Freedman DO. Travel and the movement of infectious diseases. 83rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Aerospace Medical Association (ASMA). Atlanta. May 2012.
  • Parola P. Emerging diseases and travel medicine: the role of network-based surveillance clinicians – the experience of GeoSentinel. Travel Health Symposium at the Fondation du CHUM. Montréal. September 2012.
  • Esposito DH, Lankau EW, von Sonnenburg F, Cramer JP, Grobusch M, Savini H, Rapp C, Perignon A, Gobbi F, Ghesquiere W, Zanger P, Neumayr A, Michel Y, da Silva AJ, Wilkins PP, Rosenthal BM, Aronica E, Plier DA, Brunette GW, Brown CM, Fayer R, Sotir MJ, Freedman DO. Muscular sarcocystosis in travelers returning from Tioman Island, Malaysia–2011. International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases 2011 (ICEID). Atlanta. March 2011.
  • Freedman DO. GeoSentinel surveillance report. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygeine 60th Annual Meeting (ASTMH). Philadelphia, PA. December 2011.
  • Lim PL, Han P, Chen LH, MacDonald S, Pandey P, Hale D, Schlagenhauf P, Loutan L, Wilder-Smith A, Davis XM, Freeman DO, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Expatriates ill after travel: Results from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. 49th Annual Meeting of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). Boston. October 2011.
  • Parola P. Debate: What are the challenges for European networks in pre and post travel medicine. 7th European Congress on Tropical Medicine & International Health (FESTMIH). Barcelona. October 2011.
  • Esposito DH, Han PV, Kozarsky PE, Barnett ED, Gkrania-Klotsas E, McCarthy AE, Libman M, Connor BA, Walker PF, Schwartz E, MacDonald S, Sotir MJ, for the GeoSentinel Network. Characteristics and spectrum of disease among ill travelers returning from post-earthquake Haiti: the GeoSentinel experience. 12th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine (CISTM). Boston. May 2011.
  • Gautret P, Gaudart J, Leder K, Schwartz E, Castelli F, Lim PL, Murphy H, Keystone J, Cramer J, Shaw M, Boddaert J, von Sonnenburg F, Parola P, for the GeoSentinel Network. Travel-associated illness in older adults (>60 years). 12th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine (CISTM). Boston. May 2011.
  • Leder K, Torresi J, Brownstein J, Wilson M, Keystone J, Barnett E, Schwartz E, Schlgenhauf P, Wilder-Smith A, Castelli F, von Sonnenburg F, Cheng AC, for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Diagnostic trends over 10 years among travelers returning to GeoSentinel sites. 12th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine (CISTM). Boston. May 2011.
  • Freedman DO. GeoSentinel surveillance report. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygeine 59th Annual Meeting. Atlanta, GA. November 2010.
  • von Sonnenburg F. News from the GeoSentinel Network. 3rd Northern European Conference on Travel Medicine (NECTM). Hamburg. May 2010.
  • Parola P. Travel medicine: an emerging field of infectious diseases. 20th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID). Vienna. April 2010.
  • Freedman DO. GeoSentinel: Provider-based surveillance of international travelers. 14th International Congress on Infectious Diseases (ISID). Miami. March 2010.
  • Cetron M. Plenary: The changing patterns of global migration and the impact on infectious diseases. 14th International Congress on Infectious Diseases (ISID). Miami. March 2010.
  • Kozarsky PK. GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. 8th Annual International Society for Disease Surveillance (ISDS) Conference. Miami. December 2009.
  • Freedman DO. GeoSentinel surveillance report. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygeine 58th Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. November 2009.
  • Cetron M. Infections in immigrants. 47th Annual Meeting of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). Philadelphia. October 2009.
  • Gautret P, Schlagenhauf P, Gaudart J, Castelli F, Loutan L, Brouqui P, von Sonnenburg F, Parola P, for the GeoSentinel Network.  Travel-related illness presenting at GeoSentinel European clinics. 11th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Budapest. May 2009.
  • Schlagenhauf P, Chen LH, Wilson ME, Freedman DO, Tcheng D, Schwartz E, Pandey P, Weber R, Nadal D, Berger C, von Sonnenburg F, Keystone J, Leder K, for the GeoSentinel Network.  Sex, gender and travel-associated Illness. 11th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Budapest. May 2009.
  • Boggild AK, Castelli F, Gautret P, Torresi J, von Sonnenburg F, Barnett ED, Greenaway C, Lim PL, Schwartz E, Wilder-Smith A, Wilson ME.  Vaccine preventable diseases in returned international travelers: results from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. 11th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Budapest. May 2009.
  • Chen LH, Wilson ME, Davis XM, Loutan L, Schwartz E, Keystone J, Hale D, Lim PL, McCarthy A, Gkrania-Klotsas E, Schlagenhauf P.  Long-term travelers: an analysis of illness in travelers presenting to the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. 11th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Budapest. May 2009.
  • Freedman DO. GeoSentinel surveillance report. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygeine 57th Annual Meeting. New Orleans. December 2008.
  • Freedman DO. Role of GeoSentinel in surveillance of travel-related diseases. Northern European Conference on Travel Medicine 2008. Helsinki. May 2008.
  • Davis X, Marano M, von Sonnenburg F, Keystone J, Schwartz E, Pandey P, Kozarsky K. Disease outcomes among travelers with different travel purposes: findings from GeoSentinel. Northern European Conference on Travel Medicine 2008. Helsinki. May 2008.
  • Davis X, Marano M, Kozarsky P, MacDonald S, Borwein S, von Sonnenburg F, Keystone J, Lim PL, Freedman D. Traveling to China: implications for disease prevention during the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. Northern European Conference on Travel Medicine 2008. Helsinki. May 2008.
  • Yanni E, Bossak B, Gershman M, Mao-Davis X, Lim PL, von Sonnenburg F, Schwartz E, Keystone J, Kozarsky P. Using geographic information system methodology to map global patterns of dengue fever among patients visiting GeoSentinel clinics, 1997-2007. Northern European Conference on Travel Medicine 2008. Helsinki. May 2008.
  • Schwartz E. Dengue and schistosomiasis in travelers. International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseaes 2008. Atlanta. March 2008.
  • Barnett E. GeoSentinel surveillance of emerging infections in travelers. International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseaes 2008. Atlanta. March 2008.
  • Freedman DO. GeoSentinel surveillance report. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygeine 56th Annual Meeting. Philadelphia. November 2007.
  • Davis XM, Reed C, von Sonnenburg F, Keystone JS, Kain KC, Connor BA, Pandey P, Kozarsky PE, and the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Diseases among ill returned travelers to developed countries in comparison with those to developed countries. 10th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Vancouver. May 2007.
  • Freedman DO. Surveillance networks - lessons and limitations. 10th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Vancouver. May 2007.
  • Freedman DO. GeoSentinel surveillance update. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygeine 55th Annual Meeting. Atlanta. November 2006.
  • Freedman DO. International disease case importation, detection and reporting outcomes - experience from a global surveillance network. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygeine 55th Annual Meeting. Atlanta. November 2006.
  • Freedman DO. Spectrum of disease and relation to place of exposure among ill returned travelers. American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygeine 54th Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. December 2005.
  • Reed C, Freedman D, Castelli F, Chen L, Pandey P, Parola P, Schwartz E, Torresi J for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network. Increase in hepatitis E among travelers reported to the GeoSentinel Surveillance System. 43rd Annual Meeting of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. San Francisco. October 2005.
  • Greenwood Z, Black J, Weld L, O'Brien D, Leder K, Von Sonnenberg F, Pandey P, Schwartz E, Connor B, Freedman D, Brown G, Torresi J for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Group.  Regional relative rates of gastrointestinal infection among international travellers - a global perspective based on the GeoSentinel surveillance network.  9th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Lisbon, Portugal. May 2005.
  • Sigel K, Rosselot G, Weld L, Pandey P, Schunk M, Connor B, Shaw M, Gurtman A for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Group.  Senior citizen travel: an analysis of the GeoSentinel surveillance network.  9th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Lisbon, Portugal. May 2005.
  • Nicolls D, Weld L, Reed C, Schwartz E, von Sonnenburg F, Kozarsky P for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Group.  Schistosomiasis in travelers: a review of patients seen through the GeoSentinel surveillance network.  9th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Lisbon, Portugal. May 2005.
  • Leder K, Tong S, Weld L, von Sonnenburg F, Schunk M, Kain K, Wilder-Smith A, Black J, Brown G, Torresi J for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Group.  Illness in travelers visiting friends and relatives: A review of the GeoSentinel network.  9th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Lisbon, Portugal. May 2005.
  • Reed C, Cox C, Weld L, Freedman D, Kozarsky P for the GeoSentinel Surveillance Group.  Influenza morbidity among travelers to the tropics: A review of the GeoSentinel Network, January 1998 - June 2004.  9th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Lisbon, Portugal. May 2005.
  • Freedman DO.  Influenza, travel, and living abroad.  African-European Conference on Travel Medicine. Capetown, South Africa. February 2004.
  • Wilson ME, Schwartz E, Weld LH, and the GeoSentinel Surveillance Group.  Fever in returned travelers: An analysis of data from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network.  American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 53rd Annual Meeting. Philadelphia, December 2003.
  • Lederman ER, Elyazar IRF, Weld LH, Barcus MJ, Larasati RP, Keystone JS and the GeoSentinel Surveillance Group.  Dermatologic conditions of the returning travelers: An analysis from the GeoSentinel Surveillance Network.  ASTMH 2003. Philadephia. December 2003.
  • Freedman DO.  SARS and novel surveillance techniques.  SOTAC, American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Toronto, Canada. October 2003.
  • Freedman DO.  SARS.  Peruvian Infectious Diseases Society. Lima, Peru. August 2003.
  • Freedman D.  Emerging Infectious Diseases.  An Intensive Course in Tropical Medicine and Travel Health. Hellenic Center for Infectious Diseases Control (K.E.E.L.), Athens, Greece. July 2002.
  • Weld L, Freedman D, Kozarsky P, Cetron M.  17,000 Travelers: Their journeys and the aftermath.  3rd European Conference on Travel Medicine. Florence, Italy, 15 - 18 May 2002.
  • Shah J, Weld L, Maloney S, Barnett E, Cetron M.  Immigrant and refugee profiles: prevalence of medical diagnoses in patients evaluated at GeoSentinel Sites, 1996 to 2001.   3rd European Conference on Travel Medicine. Florence, Italy, 15 - 18 May 2002.
  • Cetron M. The world and its moving parts. Institute of Medicine Workshop on The Impact of Globalization on Infectious Disease Emergence and Control. Washington DC. April 16, 2002.
  • Cetron M.  The increased vulnerability of the adventure traveler.  International Adventure Travel & Outdoor Show 2002. Chicago. February 21, 2002.
  • Freedman D, Kozarsky P and Cetron M on behalf of the GeoSentinel study group. GeoSentinel - The ISTM Global Surveillance Network. Symposium at the 7th Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine. Innsbruck, Austria. 2001. SY07.02
  • Freedman DO, Kozarsky PE, Weld LH, Srinivasan I, Cetron MS, GeoSentinel Surveillance Group. GEOSENTINEL: Highlights from international surveillance of travel and migration - related infections. International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases 2000;60:127:147.

GeoSentinel Citations

  • Simmons CP, Farrar JJ, Van Vinh Chau N, Wills B. Current concepts: Dengue. N Engl J Med. 2012;366(15):1423-32.
  • Khan K, McNabb SJ, Memish ZA, et al. Infectious disease surveillance and modelling across geographic frontiers and scientific specialties. Lancet Infect Dis. Mar 2012;12(3):222-30.
  • Fletcher SM, Stark D, Harkness J, Ellis J. Enteric protozoa in the developed world: a public health perspective. Clin Microbiol Rev. Jul 2012;25(3):420-49.
  • Wang Y, Zhang W, Ke Y, et al. Human brucellosis, a heterogeneously distributed, delayed, and misdiagnosed disease in china. Clin Infect Dis. Mar 2013;56(5):750-1.
  • Muhsen K, Levine MM. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between giardia lamblia and endemic pediatric diarrhea in developing countries. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;55(SUPPL. 4):S271-S93.
  • Larocque RC, Rao SR, Lee J, et al. Global TravEpiNet: A national consortium of clinics providing care to international travelers-analysis of demographic characteristics, travel destinations, and pretravel healthcare of high-risk US international travelers, 2009-2011. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;54(4):455-62.
  • Kendall ME, Crim S, Fullerton K, et al. Travel-associated enteric infections diagnosed after return to the United States, Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet), 2004- 2009. Clin Infect Dis. Jun 2012;54 Suppl 5(SUPPL.5):S480-7.
  • Deye GA, Miller RS, Miller L, et al. Prolonged protection provided by a single dose of atovaquone-proguanil for the chemoprophylaxis of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in a human challenge model. Clin Infect Dis. Jan 15 2012;54(2):232-9.
  • Muñoz-Jordán JL, Santiago GA, Margolis H, Stark L. Genetic relatedness of dengue viruses in key west, Florida, USA, 2009-2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19(4):652-4.
  • Goris MGA, Boer KR, Duarte TATE, Kliffen SJ, Hartskeerl RA. Human leptospirosis trends, the Netherlands, 1925-2008. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013;19(3):371-8.
  • Eckhardt R, Berrang-Ford L, Ross NA, Pillai DR, Buckeridge DL. A spatial analysis of individual- and neighborhood-level determinants of malaria incidence in adults, Ontario, Canada. Emerg Infect Dis. May 2012;18(5):775-82.
  • Beaute J, Zucs P, de Jong B. Risk for travel-associated legionnaires' disease, Europe, 2009. Emerg Infect Dis. Nov 2012;18(11):1811-6.
  • Botelho-Nevers E, Gautret P. Outbreaks associated to large open air festivals, including music festivals, 1980 to 2012. Euro Surveill. 2013;18(11).
  • Conroy N, Vlack S, Williams JM, Patten JJ, Horvath RL, Lambert SB. Using Serology to Assist with Complicated Post-Exposure Prophylaxis for Rabies and Australian Bat Lyssavirus. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013;7(2).
  • Monath TP. Review of the risks and benefits of yellow fever vaccination including some new analyses. Expert Rev Vaccines. 2012;11(4):427-48.
  • Kannathasan S, Murugananthan A, Rajeshkannan N, de Silva NR. A Simple Intervention to Prevent Cutaneous Larva Migrans among Devotees of the Nallur Temple in Jaffna, Sri Lanka. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(4).
  • Cleton N, Koopmans M, Reimerink J, Godeke GJ, Reusken C. Come fly with me: review of clinically important arboviruses for global travelers. J Clin Virol. Nov 2012;55(3):191-203.
  • Stramer SL, Linnen JM, Carrick JM, et al. Dengue viremia in blood donors identified by RNA and detection of dengue transfusion transmission during the 2007 dengue outbreak in Puerto Rico. Transfusion. Aug 2012;52(8):1657-66.
  • Townell N, Looke D, McDougall D, McCarthy JS. Relapse of imported Plasmodium vivax malaria is related to primaquine dose: A retrospective study. Malar J. 2012;11.
  • Bouchaud O, Muhlberger N, Parola P, et al. Therapy of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Europe: MALTHER - a prospective observational multicentre study. Malar J. 2012;11:212.
  • Marks ME, Armstrong M, Suvari MM, et al. Severe imported falciparum malaria among adults requiring intensive care: A retrospective study at the hospital for tropical diseases, London. BMC Infect Dis. 2013;13(1).
  • Hatz CF, Kuenzli E, Funk M. Rabies: relevance, prevention, and management in travel medicine. Infect Dis Clin North Am. Sep 2012;26(3):739-53.
  • Genton B, D'Acremont V. Malaria prevention in travelers. Infect Dis Clin North Am. Sep 2012;26(3):637-54.
  • Tatem AJ, Huang Z, Das A, Qi Q, Roth J, Qiu Y. Air travel and vector-borne disease movement. Parasitology. Dec 2012;139(14):1816-30.
  • LaRocque RC, Deshpande BR, Rao SR, et al. Pre-travel health care of immigrants returning home to visit friends and relatives. Am J Trop Med Hyg. Feb 2013;88(2):376-80.
  • Krishnan N, Purswani M, Hagmann S. Short report: Severe dengue virus infection in pediatric travelers visiting friends and relatives after travel to the Caribbean. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012;86(3):474-6.
  • Mikati T, Taur Y, Seo SK, Shah MK. International travel patterns and travel risks of patients diagnosed with cancer. J Travel Med. Mar-Apr 2013;20(2):71-7.
  • Lawson CJ, Dykewicz CA, Molinari NA, Lipman H, Alvarado-Ramy F. Deaths in international travelers arriving in the United States, July 1, 2005 to June 30, 2008. J Travel Med. Mar-Apr 2012;19(2):96-103.
  • Schwartz BS, Larocque RC, Ryan ET. Travel medicine. Ann Intern Med. 2012 Jun 5;156(11):ITC61.
  • Simmons CP, Farrar JJ, Van Vinh Chau N, Wills B. Current concepts: Dengue. N Engl J Med. 2012;366(15):1423-32.
  • Khan K, McNabb SJN, Memish ZA, Eckhardt R, Hu W, Kossowsky D, et al. Infectious disease surveillance and modelling across geographic frontiers and scientific specialties. Lancet Infect Dis. 2012;12(3):222-30.
  • Lawson CJ, Dykewicz CA, Molinari NAM, Lipman H, Alvarado-Ramy F. Deaths in international travelers arriving in the united states, july 1, 2005 to june 30, 2008. J Travel Med. 2012;19(2):96-103.
  • Larocque RC, Rao SR, Lee J, Ansdell V, Yates JA, Schwartz BS, et al. Global TravEpiNet: A national consortium of clinics providing care to international travelers-analysis of demographic characteristics, travel destinations, and pretravel healthcare of high-risk US international travelers, 2009-2011. Clin Infect Dis. 2012;54(4):455-62.
  • Morse SS. Public health surveillance and infectious disease detection. Biosecur Bioterror. 2012;10:6-16.
  • Brown C, Ripp J, Kazura J. Perspectives on haiti two years after the earthquake. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2012;86(1):5-6.
  • Radke EG, Gregory CJ, Kintziger KW, Sauber-Schatz EK, Hunsperger EA, Gallagher GR, et al. Dengue outbreak in key west, florida, USA, 2009. Emerg Infect Dis. 2012;18(1):135-7.
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  • Money NN, Maves RC, Sebeny P, et al. Enteric disease surveillance under the AFHSC-GEIS: Current efforts, landscape analysis and vision forward. BMC Public Health. 2011;11(Suppl 2):S7.
  • Schlagenhauf P, Hommel M. Travellers' malaria-'one shoe does not fit all'. Malar J. 2011;10:129.
  • Wilson, ME. 31. Changing geographic distribution of disease vectors. In: Selendy JMH, ed. Water and sanitation-related diseases and the environment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2011:391-400. ISBN: 9780470527856.
  • Nelson DE. Informatics and public health. In: Parvanta C, Nelson DE, Parvanta SA, et al, eds. Essentials of public health communication. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2011:39-52. ISBN: 1449618634.
  • Steinhardt LC, Magill AJ, Arguin PM. Review: Malaria chemoprophylaxis for travelers to latin america. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2011;85(6):1015-24.
  • Gushulak BD, Pottie K, Hatcher Roberts J, Torres S, DesMeules M. Migration and health in Canada: Health in the global village. CMAJ. 2011;183(12):E952-8.
  • Wertheimer ER, Brundage JF, Fukuda MM. High rates of malaria among US military members born in malaria-endemic countries, 2002-2010. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17(9):1701-3.
  • Pottie K, Greenaway C, Feightner J. Evidence-based clinical guidelines for immigrants and refugees. CMAJ. 2011;183:E824-925.
  • Tomashek KM, Margolis HS. Dengue: A potential transfusion-transmitted disease. Transfusion. 2011;51(8):1654-60.
  • Johansson MA, Arana-Vizcarrondo N, Biggerstaff BJ, Staples JE, Gallagher N, Marano N. On the treatment of airline travelers in mathematical models. PLoS ONE. 2011;6(7).
  • Petersen E, Chen LH, Schlagenhauf-Lawlor P, eds. Infectious diseases: A geographic guide. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. ISBN: 1119971616. (cited in 6 sections).
  • Barnett ED, MacPherson DW, Stauffer WM, Loutan L, Hatz CF, Matteelli A, Behrens RH. The visiting friends or relatives traveler in the 21st century: time for a new definition. J Travel Med. 2010 May-Jun;17(3):163-70. PMID: 20536884.
  • Jentes ES, Davis XM, Macdonald S, Snyman PJ, Nelson H, Quarry D, Lai I, van Vliet EW, Balaban V, Marano C, Mues K, Kozarsky P, Marano N. Health risks and travel preparation among foreign visitors and expatriates during the 2008 Beijing Olympic and Paralympic Games. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Mar;82(3):466-72.
  • Mohammadi D. Newsdesk: Sex differences in travel-related illness. Lancet Infect Dis. 2010 Apr;10(4):223.
  • Relman DA, Choffnes ER, and Mack A, Rapporteurs; Forum on Microbial Threats; Institute of Medicine. Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World. Workshop Summary. March 12, 2010.
  • Gautret P, Freedman DO. Travel medicine, a speciality on the move. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010 Mar;16(3):201-2.
  • Schlagenhauf P, Santos-O'Connor F, Parola P. The practice of travel medicine in Europe. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010 Mar;16(3):203-8.
  • Marano C, Freedman DO. Global health surveillance and travelers' health. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2009 Oct;22(5):423-9.
  • Petri WA. Manson’s Tropical Diseases [Book Review]. JAMA. 2009 Jul 22;302(4):443-4.
  • Brownstein JS, Freifeld CC, Madoff LC. Digital disease detection – harnessing the Web for public health surveillance. N Engl J Med. 2009 May 21;360(21):2153-5, 2157.
  • Leder K. Travelers as a sentinel population: use of sentinel networks to inform pretravel and posttravel evaluation. Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2009 Jan;11(1):51-8.
  • Chen LH, Wilson ME. The role of the traveler in emerging infections and magnitude of travel. Med Clin North Am. 2008 Nov;92(6):1409-32, xi. Review.
  • Wilson ME, Chen LH. Travel, In: Kenneth H. Mayer and H.F. Pizer, Editor(s), The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases, Academic Press, San Diego, 2008, Pages 17-49.
  • Zwar N. Return to risk. TRAVEL: Travellers visiting friends and relatives may face greater health risks than tourists or business travellers. Australian Doctor. 2007 Jun 27.
  • Doudier B, Bogreau H, DeVries A, Poncon N, Stauffer III, WM, Fontenille D, Rogier C, Parola P. Possible autochtonous malaria from Marseille to Minneapolis. Emerg Infect Dis 2007 Aug;13(8):1236-8.
  • di Cristina C. Check-up post tropicale; salute I centri di riferimento specializzati per chi torna dalle vacanze con una patologia esotica. Milano Finanza. 2007 Aug 21.
  • Poor Americans suffer some of the same parasitic infections as do the poor in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Medical News Today. 2007 Dec 27.
  • Neglected tropical diseases burden those overseas, but travelers also at risk. ScienceDaily. 2007 Dec 28.
  • Ledford H. Jetsetters are key clues to epidemics: Travellers who bring illness home act as sentinels of disease. news@nature.com Published online: 29 Jan 2007; doi:10.1038/news070129-5.
  • Ross K. Tracking the spread of infectious disease: Two networks prove the power of international collaboration. EMBO Rep 2006 Sep;7(9):855-8.
  • Public Health Agency Canada (PHAC) Travel Medicine Program Travel Health Advisory. Malaria in the Dominican Republic. January 31, 2006.
  • Hill DR. The burden of illness in international travelers. N Engl J Med 2006 Jan 12;354(2):115-7.
  • Post-tsunami drug donations not being fully utilized. Asian Wall Street Journal, 2 February 2005.
  • Liz Szabo. Gangrene follows in tsunami's path. USA Today, 1/17/2005, pg D7.
  • Angell SY and Cetron MS. Health disparities among travelers visiting friends and relatives abroad. Ann Intern Med 2005 Jan 4;142(1):67-72.
  • Bacaner N, Stauffer W, Boulware DR, Walker PF, Keystone JS. Travel medicine considerations for North American immigrants visiting friends and relatives. JAMA 2004 Jun 16;291(23):2856-64.
  • An assessment for the development of a national surveillance system for travel acquired enteric disease. Canada Communicable Disease Report 2004 Apr 15;30(8):69-79. 
  • Lisa Splitlog. How CDC protects travelers in an ever shrinking world. The Front Line: Newsletter of the CDC Foundation, Spring 2004. 
  • Zoler M. Clinical Rounds: Worldwide registry - Travelers' unwanted souvenirs: skin disorders and fever. Skin and Allergy News 2004 March;35(3):31.
  • Rosselot G. Travel health nursing: expanding horizons for occupational health nurses. AAOHN J 2004 Jan;52(1):28-41.
  • Redman CA and Walker E. Sentinel surveillance of imported infections: a worldwide issue. SCIEH (Scottish Centre for Infections and Environmental Health) Weekly Report 2003;37(46):282-3.
  • Sejvar J, Bancroft E, Winthrop K, Bettinger J, Bajani M, Bragg S, Shutt K, Kaiser R, Marano N, Popovic T, Tappero J, Ashford D, Mascola L, Vugia D, Perkins B, Rosenstein N and the Eco-Challenge Investigation Team. Leptospirosis in “Eco-Challenge” athletes, Malaysian Borneo, 2000. Emerg Infect Dis 2003 Jun;9(6):702-7.
  • John Roark. SARS and global surveillance. Infection Control Today, 05/01/2003. 
  • Outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome --- Worldwide 2003. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2003; 52(11):226-8.
  • Update: Outbreak of acute febrile illness among athletes participating in Eco-Challenge-Sabah 2000 --- Borneo, Malaysia, 2000. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2001;50(02);21-4.
  • ProMED. West Nile virus - USA: Summary to date. ProMED-mail. 22-OCT-1999. Archive Number: 19991022.1890.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing emerging infectious diseases: a strategy for the 21st century. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 1998.

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